Relationship between sculpture and other arts
In this series articles we will talk about the relationship between sculpture and other arts.
Relationship between sculpture and architecture
The lines between sculpture and architecture have always been blurred. Architecture, like sculpture, is concerned with three-dimensional form. Sculpture has long been closely related to architecture through its role as architectural decoration and the level of design. Both have a critical responsibility to address the physical space and consider tenets of form, scale and material. And although the central problem in the design of buildings is the organization of space rather than mass. There are styles of architecture that are effective largely through the quality and organization of their solid forms. Such as ancient styles of stone architecture, particularly Egyptian, Greek, and Mexican. These styles of stone architecture tend to treat their components in a sculptural manner. Moreover, most buildings viewed from the outside are compositions of masses.
Certainly by definition, architecture must also confront some utilitarian duties in addition to pure aesthetics. But new technologies and engineering has arguably freed the discipline from most of these conceptual limitations. The development of modern building technology also cause the growth of spatial sculpture. That many 20th-century sculptors can be said to have treated their work in an architectural manner. There is no doubt that architecture is an art. But are the artistic ideas and influences exchanged between sculpture and architecture an equal, two-way street?
Relationship between sculpture and painting
Painting is 2 dimensional most of the time its an attempt to make a two dimensional surface look three dimensional, but theres more fun ways to paint like modern art and use anything thats aesthetically pleasing, is on a canvas and is hand made.
Sculptures on the other hand are three dimensional and they’re usually an attempt at making something rigid look like something its not, for example in most old sculptures from roman eras and all they sculpt clothes which look as if you could touch them and they’d feel like actual linen. again modern sculptures exist too which are to be honest as beautiful as sculptures based on realism.
Some forms of relief sculpture approach very closely the pictorial arts of painting, drawing, engraving, and so on. And sculptures in the round that make use of chiaroscuro. And that are conceived primarily as pictorial views rather than as compositions in the round are said to be “painterly”. For example, Bernini’s Ecstasy of St. Teresa (Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome).
Relationship between sculpture and pottery, metalworking
The borderlines between sculpture and pottery and the metalworking arts are not clear-cut, and many pottery and metal artifacts have every claim to be considered as sculpture. Today there is a growing affinity between the work of industrial designers and sculptors. Sculptural modeling techniques, and sometimes sculptors themselves, are often involved, for example, in the initial stages of the design of new automobile bodies.
The close relationships that exist between sculpture and the other visual arts are attested by the number of artists who have readily turned from one art to another; for example, Michelangelo, Bernini, Pisanello, Degas, and Picasso.
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